System Center 2012 SP1 in a LAB – Installation (Part C – Install Active Directory Domain Services)

Install Active Directory Domain Services

Now that we have the VMs created, and the OS installed on both, we need to first install/setup Active Directory (AD).

When you log into a new installation of Server 2012, Server Manager will auto launch. From Server Manager, click on Manage, and choose ‘Add Roles and Features’.

Server Manager - Add Role

On the Add Roles and Features Wizard, read the information on the Before You Begin dialog, and then click Next.

Add Roles and Features 01

On the Installation Type screen, select ‘Role-based on feature-based installation’ and then click Next.

Add Roles and Features 02

On the ‘Server Selection’ screen, since we are installed Active Directory on this local system, ensure that it is selected, and click Next. Side note: Windows Server 2012 has a new feature that allows you to remotely install Roles and Features on other systems.

Add Roles and Features 03

On the Server Roles screen, select ‘Active Directory Domain Services’.

Add Roles and Features 04

When you select ‘Active Directory Domain Services’, immediately you will be presented with the following dialog. Click Add Features.

Add Roles - Wizard

On the Features screen, accept what has already been selected by default, and click Next.

06 Add Roles - Features

On the AD DS screen, read the information presented, and click Next.

07 Add Roles - AD DS

On the Confirmation screen, check the ‘Restart the destination server automatically if required’ checkbox, and then click Install. Note: You are not required to check the ‘restart’ checkbox, however, you’re going to have to restart the system anyways after the installation, so you might as well let the system do it for you.

08 Add Roles - Confirmation

Note: When you check off the ‘Restart the destination server automatically if required’ checkbox, you will immediately be prompted with the following dialog. Click Yes.

09 Add Roles - Restart

On the Results screen, click Close.

10 Add Roles - Results

After the system restarts, and Server Manager launches, you will have to promote the server as a domain controller. This is because Active Directory has been installed, but that process does not automatically promote the server. Click on the ‘Promote this server to a domain controller’ link.

Server Manager - Post AD Install

On the Deployment Configuration screen, select ‘Add a new forest’ since this is the first domain controller in our lab. Then enter a root domain name, and click Next. In my example I am using “SC.LAB” for System Center Lab (since I will be installing all other System Center products in my lab eventually).

Config Domain 01

For the Domain Controller Options, select the appropriate Forest functional level, and Domain functional level. This is more applicable if you already have an existing domain and are adding a new domain controller. But since this is the first domain controller in our new domain, then we’ll use the highest level, that of Windows Server 2012. Also, don’t forget to create the Directory Service Restore Mode password. Then press Next.

Config Domain 02

On the DNS Options screen, you can ignore this warning message and click Next.

Config Domain 03

On the Additional Options screen, click Next.

Config Domain 04

On the Paths screen, normally you would change the location for the database, log files, and SYSVOL, but since we are just in a lab environment, we’ll leave it at the defaults and click Next.

Config Domain 05

On the Review Options scree, review what you have entered/selected, and click Next.

Config Domain 06

The Prerequisites Check screen will check and confirm that everything passes before promoting the system as a domain controller. You will notice in my screenshot, that I have 1 warning because I didn’t set a static IP for the server yet.

Config Domain 07

After installation completes, the system will automatically restart. You will then be presented with the login screen. Something to note here, that because we were originally logged in with a local account, the first time you want to log on using a domain account you will have to type the domainusername; in my example SCAdministrator.

Domain Login

When you login, you will then see in the Server Manager, that AD DS is now listed, along with DNS.

Post AD Install

Now all that you need to do is assign a static IP to your domain controller.

To do this, in Server Manager, select Local Server from the panel on the left. From there, click on the Ethernet link labelled ‘IPv4 address assigned by DHCP, IPv6 enabled’.

AD Local Server

This will cause the Networks Connections explorer to open.

From here, right click on the Ethernet network that is displayed. This is in fact the network connection that we configured when we first created the VM.

Connection Properties 01

On the Ethernet Properties dialog, select ‘Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)’ and click the Properties button.

Ethernet Properties

Within the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) Properties dialog, enter a static IP, gateway, and DNS that is applicable to your network. Once all the items have been entered, click OK. You will also have to click Close on the Ethernet Properties dialog as well.

IPv4 Properties

Congratulations, you now have a domain setup in your lab environment.

Here is a video detailing this:

Add Systems to Your Domain

Now that you have your domain setup, you need to add your other VM (the one that you will use for installing each of the System Center products) to the domain before being able to install the product.

Log into the system you want to add to the domain. To do this in Server 2012, launch Server Manager, and click on Local Server.

Local Server

Then click on the computer name. This will launch the System Properties dialog. From this dialog, click the Change button.

System Properties 01

From this dialog, select the Domain option for ‘Member of’, and enter the domain name you want to join and press OK.

System Properties 02

After pressing OK, you are immediately presented with a Windows Security dialog, in which you need to enter the credentials of an account that has Domain Admin rights. Enter the credentials and click OK.

Domain Join

Once the system is successfully joined to the domain, you will receive the following Welcome message. Press OK.

Domain Welcome

After you press OK to the Welcome message, you will receive a second prompt, indicating that you need to restart the system for the changes to take effect.

System Properties 03

You will be back on the System Properties dialog. Press Close.

System Properties

When you press Close, you will receive yet another prompt about restarting the system. You can choose to Restart Now or Restart Later, but you won’t be able to install System Center without the VM being added to the domain.

System Properties 04

After the system restarts, you will then be presented with the login screen. Something to note here, that because we were originally logged in with a local account, the first time you want to log on using a domain account you will have to type the domainusername; in my example SCAdministrator.

Domain Login

Now we have our Active Directory server setup and ready, and the VM we will be installing System Center on is joined to the domain.

Here’s a video that shows these steps in action:

 

Populate Active Directory With Test Accounts

If you are like me, you usually rebuild your lab environment continually. But, if you are trying to work through a scenario for a client, or test something out, you need some test accounts in Active Directory to represent multiple users. Instead of creating individual accounts, why not script it? I found the follow article that uses PowerShell and a list of randomly generated names, to populate Active Directory with 50, 200 User Accounts!

Give it a try if you need many accounts for your environment.

 

Now we can move onto installing SQL Server.

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